I had some slight acne as a teenager. I had friends who had it bad. I got a couple of rashes on my face that came back a couple of times when I was a young child. I remember them. Other than that, I have clear skin like my mother. That is, until I got an awful wart on my hand. It just popped up out of nowhere. My great grandmother asked me if I had picked up any toads. She told me that toads would give me warts. There are so many old tales. I went to wartemoval.ca to see how to get rid of the wart. Everybody and his brother had a suggestion. It was plain as day on my hand, so everyone that saw it told me what to do to get rid of it. Read More
Having a supply of medication at home is very useful. Drugs that we save is not to the collection, but an act of prevention and treatment of the first if someone was sick, it would be very inconvenient if you have to leave the house to buy drugs. What are some medications that must be prepared at home? And how to store the medication is good and right? Below will be shared tips.
To answer the question what must be prepared medicine at home? Is a medicine for diseases that usually affect us, such as:
• Flue Drugs,
• Heat Loss Drug,
• Drug dizzy,
• Anti germs,
• Drugs Light Wounds
• and others.
how to store the medication properly? Here are tips:
1. Provide a medicine storage container and separate them by type of drug, to make it easier when we look for it.
2. Keep medications in the original packaging and in a tightly closed container.
3. Keep this medication at room temperature and protected from direct sunlight or as indicated on the packaging.
4. Keep medicine in a place that is not hot or humid as it may cause damage.
5. Do not store medication in the refrigerator liquid from freezing, unless otherwise stated on the label drugs.
6. Check the condition of regular medication, do not store the drugs that have expired or damaged.
7. Keep out of reach of children.
8. Wash the container / storage box medicine regularly.
How about medication and prescription from a doctor or hospital? Should if drugs have expired better thrown away, To the recipes do not dispose of prescription drugs, because at any time – a prescription from a doctor or hospital that we can use if among us exposed to the same pains in an emergency, but much better if still consulted doctor.
To discard the medication, follow the written instructions for methods of throwing drug wrapped drugs have been studied by the relevant parties and taken the safest way to dispose of medications.
While drugs do not write instruction dispose of drugs, drug in trash be thrown away, but there are some things that must be done before being discharged into the trash, namely:
1. Remove the medication from its original container, and dispose of information about drugs
2. Mix the drug with unwanted objects, such as water, dirt, salt, coffee grounds and others. Point in order to avoid taking drugs by others and abused
3. Place in a sealed container and strong so it does not leak
4. In order bottles of drugs are not misused, when throw make sure the information has been discarded drug packaging, store in a tight container and strong so as not to be easily opened. Or even welcome damaging the bottle that is not used anymore.
Many parents panic when they knew his body temperature soared. This bleak condition better known as a fever, because so high a state of fever sometimes get chills even up convulsions.
As an initial aid workable parents in general is how to give their child fever medications as ever paracetamol and the like, and in fact rarely the parents of today who immediately thought to provide traditional medicine for their children. The grounds are complicated and slow-acting natural remedies do not like chemical drugs.
As we know that the drugs – drugs based from the traditional medicinal plants is actually no less powerful for treating and lower a high body temperature. If we want a real learning traditional medicines have advantages compared with others including those made from chemicals, and what’s more, the advantages that relatively lower toxicity compared to chemical drugs.
Then, use of traditional medicine is relatively safer than the drugs that contain chemicals. let alone the use of traditional medicine will be safe with no side effects if the user in the correct dose. Therefore, the content of medicinal plants and organic-shaped complex to be included with the meal, an ingredient that is consumed with the intention of reconstructing the damaged organ or system.
How to lower the heat of children can also be done by using herbs, in this issue will actually be better than using chemical drugs. Although a bit more complicated in the process mixes but in terms of efficacy can be accounted.
This is how the gathering and the type of material that is often used to reduce the heat in children and adults.
1. How to download Lemon lime halter over 1/2 fruit, honey and chicken egg yolk as much as 1 whole squeezed lime mixes How to take water and add 1/2 cup of hot water and stir well. How to use it, for adults to be taken once the children are taken twice.
2. To reduce heat Onion children to use drugs jerky made from grated onion and given coconut oil. Apply on the entire body of the child.
3. Provide Turmeric Yellow chicken eggs, turmeric juice and whiting little way mixes, all the ingredients being mixed together, add a little hot water. How to use it, drink as well for adults as for children taken twice.
4. Ginger Ingredients are in ginger have active substance germacrene, xanthorrhizol, alpha beta curcumena, and much more. Benefits of ginger herein are for anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, and increasing the production and secretion of bile. Curcuma since the first widely used as a remedy for fever, as well as to treat jaundice, ulcers, diarrhea, increased appetite, abdominal bloating, and fatigue.
5. Coconut water content contained in coconut water many dominated by minerals and potassium. At the time of the heat, the body will release a lot of liquid in the form of sweat to lower body temperature. Well young coconut water served and serves to replace sweat out.
6. The leaves of Hibiscus Hibiscus contains many flavonoids, saponins, polyphenols, and essential oil. Well apart from hibiscus leaves, you can also use betel leaves.
Those are some natural ingredients that you can use and, of course, easy and very easy on the get. Well now you do not have to panic anymore when your child suddenly develops heat, hopefully with the above materials can be used in the best possible to reduce the heat.
How bad result if we consume drugs or vitamins that passed the expiry date?
Prescription drugs (especially antibiotics and drugs for the heart) have to be used before the expiration date of use (expiry date). But medicine is not as tight as it can free. So says Pamela Yee, M.D., consultants Women’s Health.
“The effectiveness of medications such as pain relievers, cough and cold medicines, vitamins will be slightly reduced as approaching the limit date of use. Quite rare things that harm from the use of such drugs, “said Pamela.
Most also still effectively consumed a month after passing the limit date. However, liquid supplements such as fish oil or flaxseed oil can become rancid. Drugs that are taken are also at greater risk of storing bacteria. So it should be, dispose of this type of drug that is past its useful life.
What is Zika virus disease (Zika)?
Zika is a disease caused by Zika virus that is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika.
What are the symptoms of Zika?
About 1 in 5 people infected with Zika will get sick. For people who get sick, the illness is usually mild. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected.
The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Symptoms typically begin 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.
How is Zika transmitted?
Zika is primarily transmitted through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes, the same mosquitoes that spread Chikungunya and dengue. These mosquitoes are aggressive daytime biters and they can also bite at night. Mosquitoes become infected when they bite a person already infected with the virus. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to other people through bites. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth. We are studying how some mothers can pass the virus to their babies.
Who is at risk of being infected?
Anyone who lives in or travels to an area where Zika virus is found and has not already been infected with Zika virus can get it from mosquito bites.
What countries have Zika?
Specific areas where Zika virus transmission is ongoing are often difficult to determine and are likely to change over time. If traveling, please visit the CDC Travelers’ Health site for the most updated travel information.
What can people do to prevent becoming infected with Zika?
There is no vaccine to prevent Zika. The best way to prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes is to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites. Here’s how:
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
- Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents. All EPA-registered insect repellents are evaluated for safety and effectiveness.
- Always follow the product label instructions.
- Reapply insect repellent as directed.
- Do not spray repellent on the skin under clothing.
- If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen before applying insect repellent.
- If you have a baby or child:
- Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months of age.
- Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs, or
- Cover crib, stroller, and baby carrier with mosquito netting.
- Do not apply insect repellent onto a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and cut or irritated skin.
- Adults: Spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face.
- Treat clothing and gear with permethrin or buy permethrin-treated items.
- Treated clothing remains protective after multiple washings. See product information to learn how long the protection will last.
- If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions carefully.
- Do NOT use permethrin products directly on skin. They are intended to treat clothing.
- Sleep under a mosquito bed net if you are overseas or outside and are not able to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
What is the treatment for Zika?
There is no vaccine or specific medicine to treat Zika virus infections.
Treat the symptoms:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Take medicine such as acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain.
- Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
How is Zika diagnosed?
- See your healthcare provider if you develop symptoms (fever, rash, joint pain, red eyes). If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider.
- Your healthcare provider may order blood tests to look for Zika or other similar viral diseases like dengue or chikungunya.
What should I do if I have Zika?
Treat the symptoms:
- Get plenty of rest
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
- Take medicine such as acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain
- Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Protect others: During the first week of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another person through mosquito bites. An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people. To help prevent others from getting sick, avoid mosquito bites during the first week of illness.
See your healthcare provider if you are pregnant and develop a fever, rash, joint pain, or red eyes within 2 weeks after traveling to a place where Zika has been reported. Be sure to tell your health care provider where you traveled.
Is there a vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat Zika?
No. There is no vaccine to prevent infection or medicine to treat Zika.
Are you immune for life once infected?
Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.
Does Zika virus infection in pregnant women cause birth defects?
There have been reports of a serious birth defect of the brain called microcephaly (a condition in which a baby’s head is smaller than expected when compared to babies of the same sex and age) and other poor pregnancy outcomes in babies of mothers who were infected with Zika virus while pregnant. Knowledge of the link between Zika and these outcomes is evolving, but until more is known, CDC recommends special precautions for the following groups:
- Women who are pregnant (in any trimester):
- Consider postponing travel to any area where Zika virus transmission is ongoing.
- If you must travel to one of these areas, talk to your doctor first and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during your trip.
- Women who are trying to become pregnant:
- Before you travel, talk to your doctor about your plans to become pregnant and the risk of Zika virus infection.
- Strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during your trip.
For more questions and answers on Zika and pregnancy, see Questions and Answers: Zika and Pregnancy.
Does Zika virus infection cause Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)?
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare disorder where a person’s own immune system damages the nerve cells, causing muscle weakness and sometimes, paralysis. These symptoms can last a few weeks or several months. While most people fully recover from GBS, some people have permanent damage and in rare cases, people have died.
We do not know if Zika virus infection causes GBS. It is difficult to determine if any particular germ “causes” GBS. The Brazil Ministry of Health (MOH) is reporting an increased number of people affected with GBS. CDC is collaborating with the Brazil MOH to determine if having Zika makes it more likely you will get GBS.
Is this a new virus?
No. Outbreaks of Zika previously have been reported in tropical Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Zika virus likely will continue to spread to new areas. In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. Since that time, local transmission has been reported in many other countries and territories.
How many travel-associated cases have been diagnosed in the United States?
CDC continues to work with states to monitor the United States for mosquito-borne diseases, including Zika. As an arboviral disease, Zika is nationally notifiable. Healthcare providers are encouraged to report suspected cases to their state or local health departments to facilitate diagnosis and mitigate the risk of local transmission. To date, local vector-borne transmission of Zika virus has not been identified in the continental United States. Limited local transmission may occur in the mainland United States but it’s unlikely that we will see widespread transmission of Zika in the mainland U.S.
Should we be concerned about Zika in the United States?
The U.S. mainland does have Aedes species mosquitoes that can become infected with and spread Zika virus. U.S. travelers who visit a country where Zika is found could become infected if bitten by a mosquito.
With the recent outbreaks, the number of Zika virus disease cases among travelers visiting or returning to the United States will likely increase. These imported cases may result in local spread of the virus in some areas of the United States. CDC has been monitoring these epidemics and is prepared to address cases imported into the United States and cases transmitted locally.
What is CDC doing about Zika?
CDC has been aware of Zika for some time and has been preparing for its possible introduction into the United States. Laboratories in many countries have been trained to test for chikungunya and dengue. These skills have prepared these laboratories for Zika testing.
CDC is working with international public health partners and with state health departments to
- Alert healthcare providers and the public about Zika.
- Post travel notices and other travel-related guidance.
- Provide state health laboratories with diagnostic tests.
- Detect and report cases, which will help prevent further spread.
The arrival of Zika in the Americas demonstrates the risks posed by this and other exotic viruses. CDC’s health security plans are designed to effectively monitor for disease, equip diagnostic laboratories, and support mosquito control programs both in the United States and around the world.
Source : http://www.cdc.gov/
What is Pneumococcal Disease?
I mage from Wikimedia Commons, taken
by CDC/Janice Carr
Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) bacterium, also known as pneumococcus. Infection can result in pneumonia, infection of the blood (bacteremia/sepsis), middle-ear infection (otitis media), or bacterial meningitis.
The World Health Organization (WHO) says that pneumococcal disease is the world’s number 1 vaccine-preventable cause of death among infants and children younger than 5 years of age.
There are two main types of pneumococcal diseases:
1) Non-invasive pneumococcal diseases
These may be less serious than invasive pneumococcal disease and occur outside the major organs or the blood. S. pneumoniae can spread from the nasopharynx (nose and throat) to the upper and lower respiratory tract and can cause:
- Otitis media – middle ear infection. Inflammation of the middle ear, typically with accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, swelling of the eardrum, earache. If the eardrum is perforated drainage of pus into the ear canal.
- Non-bacteremic pneumonia – infection of the lower respiratory tract without detectable spread of organisms to the blood stream
2) Invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD)
These tend to be more serious and occur inside a major organ, or in the blood. Examples of IPDs include:
- Bacteremia (sepsis) – bacterial infection of the blood. Bacteremia refers to the presence of live bacteria in the blood, while sepsis means a blood infection which is associated with capillary leak, shock and an increased risk of mortality.
- Meningitis – inflammation of the meninges. The meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord.
- Bacteremic pneumonia – inflammation of one or both lungs, with pneumococcus in the bloodstream.
Pneumococcal Disease Burden
According to the WHO, up to 1.6 million people die each year globally as a result of pneumococcal diseases – about half of them are children younger than 5 years of age in developing countries. WHO classes pneumococcal disease as a major cause of mortality and morbidity.
(Morbidity = illness, disease. Mortality = death).
Pneumococcal disease causes two deaths every hour among children younger than 5 years of age in the Americas annually, according to PAHO (Pan American Health Organization).
It is also among the top two isolates found in otitis media. Pneumococcal pneumonia tends to affect humans when they are either very young or very old.
According to WHO, vaccination is the only available tool to prevent pneumococcal disease. WHO adds that “the recent development of widespread microbial resistance to essential antibiotics underlines the urgent need for more efficient pneumococcal vaccines.”
Source : http://www.medicalnewstoday.com
4. Humidify. Breathing moist air helps ease nasal congestion and sore throat pain. One good strategy is to indulge in a steamy shower several times a day — or just turn on the shower and sit in the bathroom for a few minutes, inhaling the steam. Another is to use a steam vaporizer or a humidifier. Clean it often to make sure it’s free of mold and mildew.
5. Make a tent. Need a quick way to open clogged airways? Bring a pot of water to a boil and remove it from the heat. Drape a towel over your head, close your eyes, and lean over the water under the “tent,” breathing deeply through your nose for 30 seconds. David Kiefer, MD, clinical instructor of family medicine at the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle, recommends adding a drop or two of peppermint or eucalyptus oil to the water for extra phlegm-busting power. Repeat this as often as necessary to ease congestion.
6. Try a warm compress. On the forehead and nose, a warm cloth is a great way to relieve headache or sinus pain.
7. Be a sucker. Cough drops, throat lozenges, and hard candy can be surprisingly effective at easing a cough or sore throat. Some doctors, including Kiefer, swear by lozenges containing slippery elm. Others recommend zinc lozenges to help shorten cold symptoms, though Schaffner is not convinced of their effectiveness. “If there is an effect [against colds and flu], it’s a small one,” he says. “I wish their effect were as good as their taste is bad.”
8. Swish and spit. Gargling with salt water helps get rid of the thick mucus that can collect at the back of the throat, especially after you’ve been lying down. It can also help ease stuffy ears, Kiefer says.
9. Try nasal irrigation. To ease stuffiness and post-nasal drip — and perhaps cut the risk of getting a sinus infection — some doctors recommend nasal irrigation. You can buy a neti pot in health food stores and drugstores, or opt for a saline squeeze bottle. You pour salt water into one nostril and let it run out the other, clearing out your nasal passages. You can buy pre-made saline solution or make it by mixing salt and lukewarm sterile or distilled water.
10. Line up a caregiver. A caregiver can’t lower your temperature or cure a sore throat, but “having someone to tuck you into bed and bring you fluids is very comforting,” says Blackwelder. If a friend or family member offers to help, even if it’s only to stop by and check in on you, count your blessings — and take them up on it.
source : http://www.webmd.com/
Flu symptoms can cause a world of misery, from fever and cough to sore throat, nasal congestion, aches, and chills. But there are ways to feel better.
Prescription antiviral drugs may ease symptoms of the flu when taken shortly after you get sick. In many cases, however, simple home remedies may be all you need for relief of mild to moderate flu symptoms.
Here are10 natural remedies for the flu:
- Drink up. The flu can leave you dehydrated, especially if have vomiting or diarrhea. So be sure to get enough fluids. Water is fine. So are fruit juices, soda, and electrolyte beverages. You may want to stay away from caffeinated drinks, because caffeine is a diuretic. Herbal tea with honey can soothe a sore throat. If you feel nauseated, try taking small sips of liquids — gulps might cause you to throw up. How can you be sure you’re getting enough fluid? Your urine should be pale yellow, almost colorless.
How about drinking alcohol? No way. “When you have the flu, the last thing you want to do is drink alcohol,” says William Schaffner, MD, chairman of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tenn. “It makes you sleepy, and flu does that already.”
- Sip some soup. For generations, caring parents have been serving chicken soup to kids with colds and flu. But was mom right? Possibly. A study published in the journal Chest showed that chicken soup may help with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections like the flu.
“I believe that chicken soup does help with symptoms,” says Reid B. Blackwelder, MD, professor of family medicine at East Tennessee State University in Kingsport. But not all doctors agree that chemistry alone explains the soup’s apparent benefits. “When you lean over a bowl of hot chicken soup and the vapor gets up your nose, you feel better,” Schaffner says. “But some [of the benefit] is clearly emotional. It just makes you feel better having someone make soup for you.”
- Be a couch potato. Listen to your body. If it’s telling you not to exercise, don’t. If it’s urging you to spend all day in bed, do. Don’t press on with daily chores even in the face of severe cold or flu symptoms. Rest is “another way of supporting the body’s ability to fight infection,” Blackwelder says. And don’t skimp on nighttime sleep. “Good sleep cycles help the immune system work well, so it’s important to get your full eight hours of sleep each night,” Schaffner says.
Source : http://www.webmd.com
Clostridium difficile infection presents a major health care burden; treatment options are limited, and it is associated with clinical and infection control issues. In recent years, use of fecal microbiota transplantation has been proven to produce high cure rates, but there are logistical difficulties that come with using fresh material. Now, a new study demonstrates that using frozen stool material is just as effective as using the fresh version.
The study – led by Dr. Christine H. Lee, of McMaster University in Ontario, Canada – is published in JAMA.
Recurrence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is of particular concern in a health care setting.
According to the study authors, previous studies have demonstrated that 10-50% of recurring CDI cases may be due to reinfections, rather than recurrence of the initial infection, which suggests that agitated microbiota plays a role in reinfection.
Furthermore, more than 60% of patients with CDI experience subsequent infections.
Officials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) note that C. difficile was estimated to cause nearly half a million infections in the US in 2011, and 29,000 died within 30 days of being initially diagnosed.
‘No differences in adverse or serious events between treatment groups’
Although treatment options for recurrent CDI are limited, restoring “good” bacteria in the gut through fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has proven itself as an effective treatment.
Fast facts about CDI
- Health care workers can spread the bacteria to patients through hand contact
- Symptoms include watery diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, nausea and abdominal pain
- People who require prolonged use of antibiotics and the elderly are at greater risk.
Learn more about C. difficile
Using frozen-and-thawed FMT offers several advantages, including lower costs (as a result of a reduction in number and frequency of donor screenings), immediate availability and easier delivery and storage options.
Until now, however, previous studies have not directly compared the effectiveness of frozen FMT with fresh FMT.
As such, the researchers randomly assigned 232 adults with recurrent or refractory CDI to receive either frozen or fresh FMT through an enema. In total, 114 patients received frozen FMT and 118 received fresh between July 2012-September 2014.
Results showed that the proportion of patients whose diarrhea was resolved without relapse at 13 weeks was 83.5% for those in the frozen FMT group, compared with 85% for the fresh FMT group.
The researchers conclude that there are no differences in adverse or serious events between treatment groups.
“Given the potential advantages of providing frozen FMT, its use is a reasonable option in this setting,” they write.
‘Best evidence to date supporting use of frozen stool’
Despite the large sample size, the researchers admit some limitations to their study. Firstly, their 13-week follow-up period is not long enough to assess long-term safety of the treatment.
Additionally, there was a low number of stool donors, which they say could be considered a limitation.
They note that the long-term safety of FMT needs to be fully investigated through extended follow-up of the patients, and as such, they are currently conducting a 10-year follow-up investigation to fully flesh out the long-term positive or negative outcomes.
In an accompanying editorial, Drs. Pretti Malani and Krishna Rao, of the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, write that the study’s results present the “best evidence to date supporting the use of frozen stool,” adding that it will “likely expand the availability of FMT for patients with recurrent CDI.”
”The ability to use frozen stool eliminates many of the logistical burdens inherent to FMT, because stool collection and processing need not be tied to the procedure date and time.
This study also provides greater support for the practice of using centralized stool banks, which could further remove barriers to FMT by making available to clinicians safe, screened stool that can be shipped and stored frozen and thawed for use as needed.”
They add that procedure costs could also decrease, given that donor screening is expensive.
Source : http://www.medicalnewstoday.com
People just don’t bother to know that there is actually good bacteria! Some beneficial bacteria are known to counter aging, manage lactose intolerance, improve immune function, prevent infections, lower cholesterol and lower blood pressure among others. This is why probiotics is needed. It increases the good bacteria in your body, making you healthier and even happier!
Kefir is better than yogurt and probiotic pills because:
1. it contains the most number of beneficial bacteria compared to both probiotic pills and yogurt.
2. it has these beneficial bacteria are able to share perfect symbiosis with one another, synergistically increasing its overall health benefits
3. the beneficial bacteria are not turned dormant but are very much alive and kicking, and are much more fit to do to their magic in your body
4. it cures lactose intolerance.
5. used to relieve all intestinal disorders, since it cleanses the intestines and digestive tracts
6. it will give you better bowel movement and reduces flatulence
7. it gives you a healthy immune system
8. lowers blood cholesterol and blood pressure. It also controls and maintains it.
9. reduces risk of cancer. It produces cancer preventing properties.
10. used in the treatment of AIDS, diabetes, colon cancer and other cancers, chronic fatigue, herpes, sleep disorders, ADHD, among others.
11. it is also rich in minerals like calcium
12. it has lots of vitamins from Vitamin B1, B12, to Vitamin K.
In conclusion, there are good bacteria and bad bacteria. We know that antibiotics can get rid of the bad, harmful bacteria but now we know how to harness the health benefits of the good bacteria we need from probiotics like Kefir.